Perry Nodelman’s Vita

PERRY NODELMAN

Personal

–born August 18, 1942, Toronto, Ontario (Canadian citizen).

–married February 19, 1971 to Billie.

–three children: Joshua (born 1975); Asa (born 1977); Alice (born 1979).

About

Rudd, David. “Hiding in the Light: Perry Nodelman and the Hidden Adult.” Reading the Child in Children’s Literature: An Heretical Approach. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. 81-103.

Flynn, Richard.  “Ambivalent, Double, Divided: Reading and Rereading Perry Nodelman.” Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures 3.1 (2011): 137-151.

“NODELMAN, Perry.”  Something About the Author.  V. 101.  Ed.  Alan Hedblad.  Detroit and London:  Gale, 1999.  140-143.

Versions of this also appear in Authors and Artists for Young Adults, V. 30 and Contemporary Authors, V. 160.

Awards

Recipient of the 2015 International Grimm Award for Research in Children’s Literature, presented by the international Institute for Children’s Literature, Osaka. <<http://www.iiclo.or.jp/f_english/03_grimm/>>  

Degrees

B.A.(Hons.) (Manitoba) 1964 (Governor General’s Gold Medal in Honours Arts; awarded Woodrow Wilson Fellowship, Commonwealth Fellowship).

M.A. (Yale) 1965.

Ph.D. (Yale) 1969 (supported by Canada Council Fellowships, Yale University Fellowships, Wilson Dissertation Fellowship).

Doctoral Thesis

“From Art Palace to Evolution: Tennyson’s Metaphors of Organization.”  Yale University, 1969.

Academic Appointments:

–Professor Emeritus, University of Winnipeg, 2005-.

–Instructor, Haloes and Hooligans Symposium, Center for the Study of Children’s Literature, Simmons College, Boston, July 1999.

–Professor, University of Winnipeg, 1982-2005.

–Associate Professor, University of Winnipeg, 1975-1982.

–Assistant Professor, University of Winnipeg, 1969-1975.

–Lecturer, University of Winnipeg, 1968-1969.

–Sessional Lecturer, Carleton University, July-August, 1965.

Fiction Publications

12. In collaboration with Carol Matas. The Hunt for the Haunted Elephant.  The Ghosthunters trilogy, vol. 3. Toronto: Key Porter, 2010.  

11. In collaboration with Carol Matas.  The Curse of the Evening Eye. The Ghosthunters trilogy, vol. 2. Toronto: Key Porter, 2009.  

10.  In collaboration with Carol Matas. The Proof that Ghosts Exist. The Ghosthunters trilogy, vol. 1. Toronto: Key Porter, 2008.  

 9. Not a Nickel to Spare: The Great Depression Diary of Sally Cohen.  Canada series. Toronto: Scholastic, 2007.

8. In collaboration with Carol Matas, A Meeting of Minds, a young adult novel.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1999.  Starburst, 2016. Published in a Japanese translation in Japan, 2003.

7. In collaboration with Carol Matas, Out of Their Minds, a young adult novel.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998. Starburst 2016. Published in a Japanese translation in Japan, 2003.

6.  Behaving Bradley, a young adult novel.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998.  Paperback edition, New York: Aladdin, 2000. 

5.   In collaboration with Carol Matas, More Minds, young adult novel, sequel to Of Two Minds.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996. Mass market paperback edition, New York: Scholastic, 1998. Starburst, 2016. Japanese translation published in 2002. Rights for a Chinese translation sold to a publisher in Taiwan, 2003.

4.  A Completely Different Place, Children’s novel, sequel to Same Place But Different.  Toronto: Groundwood, 1996.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1997. Rights for a Chinese translation sold to a publisher in China, 2003.

3.  Alice Falls Apart, a picture book text, illus. Stuart Duncan.  Winnipeg: Bain and Cox (Blizzard), 1996.

2.  In collaboration with Carol Matas: Of Two Minds, a fantasy for young adults.  Winnipeg: Bain and Cox (Blizzard), 1994.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995. Mass market paperback edition, New York: Scholastic, 1998. Starburst 2013. Japanese translation published in 2001. Chinese translation published in Taiwan, 2003.

1.  The Same Place But Different, (a children’s novel).  Toronto: Groundwood, 1993. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995. Rights for a Chinese translation sold to a publisher in China, 2003.

In Progress

Little Lord Stink, a novel about the last expedition of the explorer Henry Hudson, in progress. 

In collaboration with Carol Matas, The Travellers, a series of science fiction novels for children.

My agent, Maria Campbell of Transatlantic Literary Agency, Toronto, is marketing a Young Adult novel, The Girl in the Window. 

Fishing and Falling, a picture book text

Twenty-Six Stones and a Screw, a picture book text

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Carpet, a picture book text

Other Writing

piece on Chinese pleasures

*piece on Canon

4.  “The Boys in Children’s Books,” Riverbank Review, Fall, 1999.  5-7.  (An essay about masculinity.)

3.  “Policing the Borders of Innocence.”  Riverbank Review, Spring, 1999.  15-16. (An essay about censorship.)

2.  With Carol Matas,  “A Meeting of the Minds.”  (A conversation about our work as collaborators in the writing of Children’s fiction.  School Library Journal, July, 1996.  (Reprinted in Children’s Literature Review (Winter 1998). 

1.  “Is ‘Beauty’ in the Eye of the Politically Correct?” Crosscurrents, Toronto Globe and Mail, June 23, 1991.

Plays Produced

5.  The Lives of Other People (Cubiculo Theatre Lab, Winnipeg, January, 1977)

4.  Foreplay and Afterwards (Cubiculo, October, 1974)

3.  Six Piranhas in Search of Adele (Cubiculo, February, 1974)

2.  Cooking (Cubiculo, February, 1972)

1.  Miracle Play (University of Winnipeg, February, 1971)

Academic Publications

1. Books

In progress, Are we really all censors? Two essays by Perry Nodelman (in Portuguese) containing a translation of “We Are All Censors” (1992) and a new essay on my thoughts on censorship almost three decades later, current in progress, Emília, Brazil.

12. Editor, with Naomi Hamer and Mavis Reimer. More Words About Pictures (a collection of essays based on papers presented at a symposium celebrating the 25th anniversary of the publication of my book Words About Pictures, held at the University of Winnipeg, June, 3013. Routledge, 2017.

11. Alternating Narrative in Fiction for Young Readers: Twice Upon a Time. Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

10.  The Hidden Adult: Definitions of Children’s Literature.  Baltimore; Johns Hopkins UP, 2008.  (translated into Chinese. Beijing: China Social Science Press, 2015). 

9.  In collaboration with Mavis Reimer, The Pleasures of Children’s Literature, 3d ed.  Boston et al.:  Allyn and Bacon, 2003 (available in summer 2002). Extensively revised. Translated into Chinese (traditional characters). Taipei, Taiwan: Tien Wei Publishing, 2009.

8. The Pleasures of Children’s Literature, 2d edition.  New York: Longman, 1996.  This extensively revised edition is accompanied by an Instructor’s Manual in a separate volume containing a bibliography of Children’s literature criticism and descriptions of using Pleasures in teaching by myself and by ten others. Translated into Chinese (traditional characters). Taipei, Taiwan: Tien Wei Publishing, 2000.  Translated into Korean, Sigongsa, 2001.

7.  The Pleasures of Children’s Literature.  New York and London: Longman, 1992.  A textbook intended for use in university children’s literature courses.  (Despite the copyright date, the book became available in August, 1991.)  

6.  Words About Pictures: The Narrative Art of Children’s Picture Books.  Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1988.  Paperback edition, 1990.  This book has been steadily in print since its original publication.  Translated into Chinese by Dandelion Press Peking, 2018.

3, 4, 5.  Editor, Touchstones: Reflections on the Best in Children’s Literature.  Three volumes.  West Lafayette, IN: Children’s Literature Association Publications.  Volume one, 1986.  Volume two, 1987.  Volume three, 1989. 

2.  Editor, with Jill P. May, Festschrift: A Ten Year Retrospective.  West Lafayette: Children’s Literature Association Publications, 1983. (The contents of this volume were selected from Children’s Literature Association journals by various members of the organization.)

1.  How to Write an Essay. Winnipeg: University of Winnipeg Press, 1971; second edition, 1975, reprinted 1978, 1982 (about 15,000 copies in print).

2. Articles and Chapters in Books

In Progress: “Seeing Past Cuteness: Searching for the Posthuman in Milne’s Pooh Books,” an essay for a collection on the Pooh books.

In progress: “The Case of Jean-Michel Basquiat; or, The Impossibility of Children’s Nonfiction,” an essay on the theory of children’s non-fiction for a collection of essays on that topic.

50. “The Young Know Everything: Oscar Wilde’s Fairy Tales as Children’s Literature.” Oscar Wilde and the Cultures of Childhood. Ed. Joseph Bristow. Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

49. “Introduction” to More Words About Pictures, a collection of essays based on a symposium held at the University of Winnipeg in June 2013 to celebrate the twenty-fifth anniversary of the publication of my book Words About Pictures.  Under contract to Routledge.

48. “The Scandal of the Commonplace: The Strangeness of Bestselling Picturebooks.”  Challenging and Controversial Picturebooks: Creative and Critical Responses to Visual Texts. Ed. Janet Evans. London and New York: Routledge, 2015. 33-48. 

46, 47. ”Living Just Beyond the Wall: Versions of the Savage in David Almond’s Novels” and “David Almond’s Heaven Eyes as a Complex Variation.” David Almond. New Casebooks.  Ed. Rosemary Johnston.  Basingstoke, Hampshire and New York, 2014. 31-49, 138-153.

45. ”Michael Yahgulanaas’s Red and the Structures of Sequential Art.” Seriality and Texts for Young People: The Compulsion to Repeat. Ed. Nyala Ali, Deanna England, and Melanie Dennis Unrau.  Basingstoke, Hampshire and New york: Palsgrave Macmillan, 2014. 188-205. 

44. “My Name is Elizabeth: Discovery in Children’s Literature.” (Re)imagining the world: Children’s Literature’s Response to Changing Times. Ed. Yan Wu, Kerry Mallan, and Roderick McGillis, Heidelberg New York Dordrecht London: Springer, 2013. 43-53.

43.  “Las narrativas de los libros-álbum y el proyecto de la literatura infantil.”  Cruce de miradas: Nuevas aproximaciones al libro-álbum.  Ed. Teresa Colomer, Bettina Kummerling-Meibauer, and Maria Cecilia Silva-Diaz.  Caracas: Banco el Libro, 2010.  18-32.  (Spanish translation of 42.)

42.  “Words Claimed: Picturebook Narratives and the Project of Children’s Literature.”  New Directions in Picturebook Research.  Ed.  Teresa Colomer, Bettina Kümmerling-Meibauer, and Cecilia Silva-Díaz.   New York and London:  Routledge, 2010.  11-26.

41.  “Pleasure and Genre: Speculations on the Characteristics of Children’s Fiction” and “The Urge to Sameness” (translated into Persian).  Quest for the Centre: Greats of Children’s Literature Theory and Criticism , ed. Morteza Khosronejad.  Iran: Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults, 2009. 

39, 40. “The Nursery Rhymes of Mother Goose: A World without Glasses”  and “Fear of Children’s Literature: What’s Left (or Right) After Theory?”  Earlier essays reprinted in Considering Children’s Literature: A Reader.Ed. Andrea Schwenke Wyile and Teya Rosenberg.  Peterborough and Buffalo: Broadview P, 2008.

38. “At Home on Native Land: A Non-Aboriginal Canadian Scholar Discusses Aboriginality and Property in Canadian Double-Focalized Novels for Young Adults,”  Home Words: Discourses of Children’s Literature in Canada.  Ed. Mavis Reimer.  Waterloo: Wilfred Laurier UP, 2008.  

35, 36, 37. “Interpretation and the Apparent Sameness of Children’s Novels,” “Genre: Speculations on the Characteristics of Children’s Fiction,” and “The Implied Viewer: Some Speculations about What Children’s Picture Books Invite Readers to Do and to Be.” Earlier essays reprinted in Children’s Literature: Critical Concepts in Literary and Cultural Studies. ed Peter Hunt.  Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2006.

34. “Illustration and Picture Books” first published in the International Companion Encyclopedia of Children’s Literature, ed. Peter Hunt (London and New York: Routledge, 1996, 113-124.) and reprinted as “Decoding the Images: Illustration and Picture Books” in Understanding Children’s Literature, ed. Hunt (Routledge, 1999), reprinted in a slightly revised version in the second edition of the Encyclopedia (Routledge, 2004).  154-165.

33. “Preface: There’s Like No Books About Anything.”  New Voices in Children’s Literature Criticism.  Ed. Sebastien Chapleau.  Lichfield UK: Pied Piper, 2004.  3-9.  (an introduction to a collection of critical articles by graduate students and others about recent developments in children’s literature criticism.)

32. “Living in the Republic of Love: Carol Shield’s Winnipeg.”  Carol Shields: The Arts of a Writing Life.  Ed. Neil Besner.  Winnipeg: Prairie Fire Press, 2003.  105-124.  Reprint of an article published earlier in the journal Prairie Fire (see 67 under articles, below).

31.  “Something Fishy Going On: Child Readers and Narrative Literacy.” Crossing the Boundaries. Ed. Geoff Bull. Prentice Hall (Pearson Education Australia), 2002. 3-16.

30. “Making Boys Appear: The Masculinity of Children’s Fiction.” Ways of Being Male: Representing Masculinities in Children’s Literature.  Ed. John Stephens.  Routledge, 2002.

29. “Inventing Childhood.”  The Third Millennium: Read On!  (Proceedings of the Fifth National Conference of the Children’s Book Council of Australia.)  Canberra: Children’s Book Council of Australia, 2000. 37-43.

28.  “Decoding the Images: Illustration and Picture Books.”  Understanding Children’s Literature.  Ed Peter Hunt.  London and New York: Routledge, 1999.  A reprint of no.  22, below. 

27. “Reading against Texts,” a selection from the first edition of Pleasures of Children’s LiteratureReading Critically, Writing Well.  4th Ed.  Ed. Rise B. Axelrod and Charles R, Cooper.  New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996.

24, 25, 26.  “Progressive Utopia: Or How to Grow Up without Growing Up,” “Some Presumptuous Generalizations about Fantasy,” and “How Picture Books Work.”  Only Connect: Readings on Children’s Literature.  3d Ed.  Ed. Sheila Egoff, Gordon Stubbs, Ralph Ashley, and Wendy Sutton.  Toronto, New York, Oxford: 1996.  74-82, 175-178, 242-253.

23.  “Fear of Children’s Literature: What’s Left (or Right) After Theory?”  Reflections of Change: Children’s Literature since 1945.  Ed.  Sandra L. Becket.  Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1997.  3-14

22.  “Illustration and Picture Books.” International Companion Encyclopedia of Children’s Literature.  Ed. Peter Hunt.  London and New York: Routledge, 1996.  113-124.

21. “Fortolkning\og børneromaners tilsyneladende ensartethed,” a translation into Danish of “Interpretation and the Apparent Sameness of Children’s Fiction.”  Lyst og Laerdom: Debat og Forskning om Børnelitteratur.  Ed. Torben Weinrich.  Copenhagen: Høst & Søn, 1996.  178-197.

20.  “What Makes a Fairy Tale Good?  The Queer Kindness of ‘The Golden Bird.””  Celebrating Children’s Literature in Education.  Ed. Geoff Fox.  London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1995.  21-28.  (This is a reprint of the first article I ever had published; it first appeared in Children’s Literature in Education in 1977; the volume it’s reprinted in here is a celebration of the 25th anniversary of the journal, and includes “outstanding essays which are no longer available in any other form.”  

19. “Children’s Literature: 1900 to the Present.”  The Oxford Companion to Women’s Writing in the United States, ed. Cathy N. Davidson and Linda Wagner-Martin.  New York: Oxford, 1994.  180-182.  

18.  “Progressive Utopia: Or, How to Grow Up Without Growing Up.”  Such A Simple Little Tale: Critical Responses to L.M. Montgomery’s Anne of Green Gables.  Ed. Mavis Reimer.  Metuchen, NJ and London: The Children’s Literature Association and the Scarecrow Press, Inc., 1992.  29-38.  This is a reprint of a conference paper I gave in 1979.

17.  “Robert Cormier’s The Chocolate War: Paranoia and Paradox.”  Stories and Society: Children’s Literature in its Social Context.  Ed. Dennis Butts.  London: Macmillan, 1992.  22-36.

16.  “The Sense of Unending: Joyce Carol Oates’ Bellefleur as an Experiment in Feminine Narrative.”  Breaking the Sequence: Women’s Experimental Fiction.  Ed. Ellen G. Friedman and Miriam Fuchs.  Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989.

15.  “Introduction: On Words and Pictures, Neglected Noteworthies, and Touchstones in Training.”  Touchstones: Reflections on the Best in Children’s Literature, Volume 3 (1989).  1-13.

14.  “Balancing Acts: Noteworthy American Fiction.”  Touchstones: Reflections on the Best in Children’s Literature, Volume 3 (1989).  164-171.

13.  “Introduction: A Recycling of Glorious Garbage.”  Touchstones: Reflections on the Best in Children’s Literature.  Volume 2 (1987), 13.

12.  “The Nursery Rhymes of Mother Goose: A World without Glasses.”  Touchstones: Reflections on the Best in Children’s Literature, Volume 2 (1987), 183-200.

11.  “Louise Fitzhugh.”  Dictionary of Literary Biography. Twentieth Century American Children’s Writers, ed. Glenn E. Estes.  Gale Research, 1986.

10.  “E.L. Konigsburg.” Dictionary of Literary Biography, Twentieth Century American Children’s Writers.

9.  “Propaganda, Namby-Pamby, and Some Books of Distinction,” an appendix to Dictionary of Literary Biography, Twentieth Century American Children’s Writers.

8.  “Introduction: Matthew Arnold, A Teddy Bear, and a List of Touchstones.”  Touchstones: Reflections on the Best in Children’s Literature.  Volume 1, 1-12.

7.  “Some Presumptuous Generalizations about Fantasy,” “Grand Canon Suite,” “The Cognitive Estrangement of Darko Suvin,” “Canon Comment,” “Beyond Genre,” and “Linguistics and Literature.”  The First Steps: The Early Years of the Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, ed. Patricia Dooley.  West Lafayette, IN: Children’s Literature Association, 1985.  (This volume reprints the critical content of the first six volumes of the Children’s Literature Association Quarterly.) 

6.  “Searching for Treasure Island.”  Classic Children’s Novels and the Movies, ed. Douglas Street.  New York: Frederick Ungar, 1983.

5.  “Some Heroes Have Freckles.”  Children and Their Literature: a Readings Book, ed. Jill P. May.  West Lafayette: Children’s Literature Association Publications, 1983.  4l-54.

4.  “What Makes a Fairy Tale Good: The Queer Kindness of ‘The Golden Bird.'”  Signposts to Children’s Literature Criticism, ed. Robert Bator.  Chicago: ALA Publications, 1983.  (Reprinted from Children’s Literature in Education.)

3.  “How Picture Books Work,” (selected by Jon Stott.) Festschrift: A Ten Year Retrospective, ed. Perry Nodelman and Jill P. May. West Lafayette: Children’s Literature Association Publications, 1983. 20-25. (Reprinted from Children’s Literature Association Conference Proceedings; a different version appears in Image and Maker; see below under articles.)

2.  “Some Presumptuous Generalizations about Fantasy,” (selected by Margaret Esmonde.) Festschrift. 26-28. (Reprinted from Children’s Literature Association Quarterly.)

1.  “Children’s Literature and Literary Theory,” (selected by Taimi Ranta.)  Festschrift. 37. (Reprinted from Children’s Literature Association Quarterly.)

In addition, a number of my articles have been excerpted in various volumes of Children’s Literature Criticism, published by Gale Research.

3. Articles in Refereed Scholarly Journals

In progress: an article on Frank Tashlin’s The Bear That Wasn’t.

In progress: “Joseph Krumgold’s ‘And Now, Miguel and Onion John: the Temper of the Times and the Encounter with the Other,’ under consideration.

108. “Fish is People.” Bookbird 57.2 (2019): 12-21. 

107. “Children as “Children of All Ages”: Alexander Calder, David A. Carter, and the Childlikeness of Mobile Art and of the Moveable Book.” Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures 9.1 (2017): 20-34. 

106. “The Hidden Child in the Hidden Adult.” Part of a forum on Children’s Agency, ed. Richard Flynn. Jeunesse 8.1 (2016): 266-277. 

105. “The Disappearing Childhood of Children’s Literature Studies,” a review essay on recent guides to children’s literature studies. Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures 5.1 (2013): 149-163.

104. ”’Clever Enough to Do Variations’: Sendak as Visual Musician.“ International Research in Children’s Literature 6.1 (2013): 1–14

103.  “Picture Book Guy Looks at Comics: Structural Differences in Two Kinds of Visual Narrative.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 37.4 (2012): 436–444.

102.  “I See By Your Outfit: B Westerns and Some Recent Texts About Cowboys,” a review essay. Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures 3.2 (Winter 2011): 141-161.

101. “Na fronteira entre insinuação e realidade: crianças dentro e fora de álbuns ilustrados.” LER – Leitura em Revista 2.3 (Novembro, 2011). <http://www.leituraemrevista.com.br/3/ler0103.html&gt;. Translation into Portugese of “On the Border between Implication and Actuality: Children Inside and Outside of Picture Books,” listed below.

100.  “The Mirror Staged:  Images of Babies in Baby Books.”  Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures 2.2 (2010): 13-39.

99.  “On the Border between Implication and Actuality: Children Inside and Outside of Picture Books.” Journal of Children’s Literature Studies 7.2 (July 2010): 1-21.

98.  “Editor’s Comments: Or, The Possibility of Growing Wiser.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly35.3 (Fall 2010): 230-42.  An essay in a special section on Jaqueline Rose’s Peter Pan, or the Impossibility of Children’s Fiction twenty-five years later.

97.  “Rereading Anne of Green Gables in Anne of Ingleside:  Montgomery’s Variations.”  CCL/LCJ: Canadian Children’s Literature/Littérature canadienne pour la jeunesse .2. (Fall 2008): 75-97.

96. “Editorial: Goodnight, Sweet Prints.”  CCL/LCJ: Canadian Children’s Literature/Littérature canadienne pour la jeunesse 34.2. (Fall 2008): 1-4.

95. “Editorial: Sneaking Past the Border Guards.”  CCL/LCJ: Canadian Children’s Literature/Littérature canadienne pour la jeunesse 34.1 (Spring 2008): 1-16.

94. “Editorial: The Precarious Life of Children’s Literature Criticism.”  CCL/LCJ: Canadian Children’s Literature/Littérature canadienne pour la jeunesse 33.2 (Fall 2007): 1-16.

93. “Editorial: Outside Looking In, Inside Looking Out.”  CCL/LCJ: Canadian Children’s Literature/Littérature canadienne pour la jeunesse 33.1 (Spring 2007):  4-7.

92. “Editorial: Toy and Dress Porn.”  CCL/LCJ: Canadian Children’s Literature/Littérature canadienne pour la jeunesse 32.2 (Fall 2006): 1-13.

91. “Editorial: ‘Canadian’? ‘Children’s?’ ‘Literature?'” CCL/LCJ: Canadian Children’s Literature/Littérature canadienne pour la jeunesse 32.1 (Spring 2006): 1-4. 90. 

90. “Beneath Aesthetics: The Picture Book Stripped Bare,” CREArTA 6 (2006): 13-27.   

89.  “Becoming What You Eat.”  Horn Book (May-June 2006): 265-271. (non-refereed)

88.  “Editorial: What Are We After: Children’s Literature Studies and Literary Theory Now.”  CCL/LCJ 31.2 (Fall 2005): 1-19.

87. “Editorial: Where We’ve Come From, Where We Are Now, Where We’re Going.”  CCL/LCJ 31.1 (Spring 2005): 1-15.  (An overview of the development of Canadian children’s literature.)

86.  “A Monochromatic Mosaic: Class, Race And Culture In Double-Focalized Canadian Novels For Young People,” CCL/LCJ 115-116 (Fall-Winter 2004): 32-60.

85. “‘Twas Ever Thus?–and What to Do About It.”  CREArTA 4 (Southern Winter 2003): 25-31.

84. “What Children Are or Should Be,” a review article discussing 40 recent Canadian picture books, CCL/LCJ 113-114 (Spring-Summer 2004): 140-165.

83.  “Reading Across the Border.” Horn Book (May/June 2004): 235-244.  (This non-refereed American journal is a standard resource for librarians and others involved with the production and distribution of children’s books.) 

83. “Children Literature as Child Pornography.”  English Studies in Canada 29.3-4 (Sept/Dec 2003): 34-39.

82. “As Canadian as Apple Pie and Old Glory,” a review article, CCL 111-112 (Fall-Winter 2003): 91-127.  (This is a 20,000 word review of 80 recent Canadian picture books.)

81. “Of Solitudes And Borders: Double-Focalized Canadian Books For Children.”  CCL 109-110 (Spring-Summer 2003): 58-86.

80. “A is For . . . what?  The Function of Alphabet Books.” Journal of Early Childhood Literacy 1.3 (December 2001): 235-253. 

 79.  “Who the Boys Are: Thinking about Masculinity in Children’s Fiction.” The New Advocate 15.1 (2002): 9-18, followed by my student Charlie Peters’s “Masculinity and the Artist in Wynne-Jones’ The Maestro,” New Advocate 15 (2001): 19-22. 

78. “Private Places on Public View: David Wiesner’s Picture Books” Mosaic 34.2 (June 2001): 1-16. 

77. With Mavis Reimer. “Teaching Children’s Literature: Learning to Know More.” Canadian Children’s Literature 98 (Summer 2000): 15-35.

76.  “The Implied Viewer: Some Speculations About What Children’s Picture Books Invite Readers to Do and to Be.” CREArTA 1.1 (June 2000): 23-4.3. 

74, 75.  “Pleasure and Genre: Speculations on the Characteristics of Children’s Fiction.” Children’s Literature 28 (2000): 1-14;  accompanied by responses from Roderick McGillis (13-21), Thomas Travisano (22-29), and Margaret Higonnet (30-37), and  a further response from me (“The Urge to Sameness,” 38-43).

73.  “Inventing Childhood: Children’s Literature in the Last Millennium.”  Journal of Children’s Literature 26,1 (Spring 2000): 8-17.

72. “My Own False Face: A Response to Marianne Micros’ Interview with Welwyn Wilton Katz.”  Canadian Children’s Literature 94 (1999): 81-93.

71.  “Ordinary Monstrosity: R.L. Stine’s Goosebumps Books.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 22,3 (Fall 1997): 118-125.

70.  “Good, Evil, Knowledge, Power: A Conversation Between Carol Matas and Perry Nodelman.”  Canadian Children’s Literature 82 (1996): 57-68.

69.  “Bad Boys and Binaries: Mary Harker on Diana Wieler’s Bad Boy.”  Canadian Children’s Literature 80 (1995): 34-40.

68.  “Reinventing the Past: Gender in Ursula K. Le Guin’s Tehanu and the Earthsea ‘Trilogy.’”  Children’s Literature 23 (1995): 179-201.

67.  “Living in the Republic of Love: Carol Shields’ Winnipeg.”  Prairie Fire 16,1 (Spring 1995): 40-55.

66.  “The Illustrators of Munsch.”  Canadian Children’s Literature 71 (1993): 5-25.

65.  “Never Going to Be Persuaded: A Response to “Never Going Home.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 18,1 (93): 40-44.  (This is an article-length response to an article by Michael Steig, which precedes it in the same issue (36-39); it is followed by a response from Steig).

64.  “We Are all Censors,” Canadian Children’s Literature 68 (1992): 121-133.

63.  “Males Performing in a Female Space: Music and Gender in Young Adult Novels.”  Lion and the Unicorn 16,2 (1992): 223-239. 

62.  “The Other: Orientalism, Colonialism, and Children’s Literature.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 17,1 (Spring 1992): 29-35.

61.  “The Eye and the I: First, Second, and Third Person Narrators in Picture Books.”  Children’s Literature 19 (1991).  1-31.

60.  “Through a Glass, Intimately: The Distant Closenesses of Paula Fox’s One-Eyed Cat.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 16,1 (Spring, 1991): 23-27.

59.  “The Hidden Meaning and the Inner Tale: Deconstruction and the Interpretation of Fairy Tales.” Column on Critical Theory and Children’s Literature.  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 15,3 (Fall 1990): 143-148.

58.  “History as Fiction: The Story in Hendrik Willem Van Loon’s The Story of Mankind.”  The Lion and the Unicorn 14, 1 (June 1990): 70-86.    

57.  “Cultural Arrogance and Realism in Judy Blume’s Superfudge.”  Children’s Literature in Education 19,4 (Winter 1989): 230-241.

56.  “Children’s Literature as Women’s Writing.”  Column on Critical Theory and Children’s Literature.  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 13,1 (Spring 1988): 31-34.  (See also Jean Perrot, “Written from the International Androgynous: A Pleas for our Common Hide (and seek?)”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 14, 3 (Fall 1989): 139-141, a response to this column.)

55.  “John Fowles’ Variations in The Collector.”  Contemporary Literature 28,3 (Fall 1987): 332-346.  

54.  “Doing Violence to Conventions: The Work of Ilse Margret Vogel.”  Children’s Literature 15 (1987): 19-36.

53.  “Editor’s Comments” for the Children’s Literature Association Quarterly on Children’s nonfiction (Winter 1987).

52.  “Editor’s Comment: Talking About, and Teaching About, Pleasure.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 12,3 (Fall 1987): 114-117.

51.  “Editor’s Comment: The Objectionable Other, or, Walter de la Mare Meets My Little Pony.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 12,2 (Summer 1987): 58-60.

50.  “Which Children: Some Audiences for Children’s Books.”  Horn Book, January, 1987.

49.  “Teaching Children’s Literature: An Intellectual Snob Confronts The Generalizers.” Children’s Literature in Education 17,4 (Winter 1986): 203-214.

48.  “Teaching Girls About Men: Attitudes to Maleness in Teen Magazines.”  Studies in Popular Culture 9,1 (1986): 103-118. 

47.  “Editor’s Comment: Signs of Confusion.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 11,4 (Winter 1986).  A review of Zohar Shavit’s Poetics of Children’s Literature.

46.  “Editor’s Comment: Eliminating the Evidence.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 11,3 (Fall 1986).  (A discussion of the eliminatory functions as depicted in Children’s literature.)

45.  “Editor’s Comments: Long Underwear and Christian Verse.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 11,2 (Summer 1986):54-57,102. (A discussion of Children’s literature with a religious orientation).

44.  “The Art of the Children’s Novel.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 11,1 (Spring 1986): 14.  (A discussion of Frank Kermode’s Forms of Attention.)

43.  “Editor’s Comment: Facts as Art.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 10,4 (Winter 1985): 1623, 207. (On Children’s nonfiction.)

42.  With Murray Evans: “Iser Fish in the Text?” Inkshed 4,6 (December, 1985):6-10. A discussion of the use of “workbooks”in teaching. 

41.  “Interpretation and the Apparent Sameness of Children’s Novels.”  Studies in the Literary Imagination 18,2 (Fall 1985): 5-20.

40.  “Out There in Children’s Science Fiction: Forward into the Past.”  Science Fiction Studies 37 (November 1985): 285-296.

39.  “Expectations: Titles, Stories, Pictures.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 10,1  (Spring 1985): 9-13.

38.  “Text as Teacher: The Beginning of Charlotte’s Web.”  Children’s Literature 13 (1985): 109-27.

37.  “Canadian Children’s Literature: Reading Beyond Nationalism.”  Reading Manitoba 6,1 (November 1985): 7-10. 

36.  “Editor’s Comment: The Case of Children’s Fiction, or The Impossibility of Jacqueline Rose.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 10,3 (Fall 1985): 98-100.

35.  “Editor’s Comment: Teaching Children, and Teaching Subjects.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 10,2 (Summer 1985): 50.

34.  “Editor’s Comment: Is Democracy Good for Literary Criticism?”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 10,1 (Spring 1985): 23.

33.  “Cadence and Nonsense: Dennis Lee’s Poems for Children and for Adults” Canadian Children’s Literature 33 (1984): 22-31.

32.  “Of ness in Children’s Picture Books,” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 9,1 (Spring, 1984): 25-30.

31.  “How Picture Books Work.”  Image and Maker (1984).

30.  “Non-native Primitive Art: Elizabeth Cleaver’s Picture Books.”  Canadian Children’s Literature 31/32 (1984): 69-79.

29.  “Beyond Explanation, and Beyond Inexplicability, in Eleanor Cameron’s Beyond Silence.”  Children’s Literature 13 (1984): 122-133.  (Followed by “A Response to Perry Nodelman’s ‘Beyond Explanation'” by Eleanor Cameron, 134-146.)

28.  “A Second Look: Scott O’Dell’s Sing Down the Moon.”  Horn Book (February, 1984): 94-98.

27.  “Do Children Respond to Pictures Intuitively?”  School Library Journal (December 1984). 

26.  “Editor’s Comment: Where We Are.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 9,4 (Winter 1984): 146.

25.  “Editor’s Comment: The Understandable Children of Children’s Literature,” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 9,3 (Fall 1984): 98,140.

24.  “Editor’s Comment,” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 9,2 (Summer 1984): 50-51. (On the Children’s Literature Association canon of Children’s literature.) 

23.  “Pyle’s Sweet, Thin, Clear Tune: The Garden Behind the Moon.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 8,2 (Summer 1983): 22-25.

22.  “Robert Cormier Does a Number.”  Children’s Literature in Education 14,2 (Summer 1983).

21.  “Editor’s Comment: A Hundred Years of Treasure, or Grime Does Not Pay,” (on Treasure Island.)  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 8,3 (Fall 1983): 23, 6. 

20.  “Editor’s Comment,” (on classic American Children’s books.)  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 8,2 (Summer 1983): 2.

19.  “Editor’s Comment,” (on censorship.)  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 8,1 (Spring 1983): 2.

18.  “Not Much More than Once Upon a Classic,” (a discussion of the PBS TV series.)  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 7,3 (Fall 1982): 27-30.

17.  “The Limits of Structures: a Shorter Version of a Comparison of Toni Morrison’s Song of Solomon and Virginia Hamilton’s M.C. Higgins, the Great.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 7,3 (Fall 1982):45-48.

16.  “Teaching a Unit of Fairy Tales.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 7,2 (Summer 1982): 9-11.

15.  “Every Saturday Morning While You’re Asleep: Notes of a TV Watcher.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 7,1 (Spring 1982): 21-28.  (Reprinted in Pacific Northwest Library Association Quarterly, Spring 1984.)

14.  “Who’s Speaking: The Voices of Dennis Lee’s Poems for Children.”  Canadian Children’s Literature 26 (1982).

13.  “How Typical Children’s Read Typical Books.”  Children’s Literature in Education 12,4 (Winter 1981-2).

12.  “Little Red Riding Hood as a Canadian Fairy Tale.”  Canadian Children’s Literature 20 (1980): 17-27.

11.  “The Collected Photographs of Billy the Kid,” (a discussion of Michael Ondaatje’s Collected Works of Billy the Kid.)  Canadian Literature 87 (Winter 1980): 68-80.

10.  “Beyond Politics in Bond’s Lear.”  Modern Drama 23,3 (September 1980): 269-276.

9.  “Jacob TwoTwo and the Satisfactions of Paranoia.”  Canadian Children’s Literature 15/16 (1980): 31-37.

8.  “Grand Canon Suite,” (discussion of a canon of Children’s literature.)  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 5,2 (Summer 1980): 3-10.

7.  “The Depths of All She Is: Eleanor Cameron.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 4,4  (Winter 1979): 6-8.

6.  “The Case of the Disappearing Jew,” (a discussion of the Grimms’ “The Jew in the Bush.”)  Children’s Literature in Education 10  (1979): 44-48.

5.  “The Silver Honkabeest: Children and the Meaning of Childhood,” (a discussion of the poems of Dennis Lee.)  Canadian Children’s Literature 12 (1978): 26-34.

4.  “Some Presumptuous Generalizations about Fantasy.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 4,2 (Summer 1979): 56,18.

3.  “The Craft or Sullen Art of a Mouse and a Bat,” (a discussion of Children’s books about animals who write poetry.)  Language Arts 55 (1978): 467-472.

2.  “Trusting the Untrustworthy,” (A discussion of Margaret Atwood’s The Edible Woman.Journal of Canadian Fiction 21 (1977-78): 73-82.

1.  “What Makes a Fairy Tale Good: the Queer Kindness of ‘The Golden Bird.'”  Children’s Literature in Education 8 (1977): 111-118.  (Runner-up for the Children’s Literature Association award for best critical article of the year in Children’s literature studies.)

4. Other Articles in Scholarly Journals

This section includes various shorter articles and responses in other journals.

11. “Deciding Which Children’s Books  Are the Most.” IBBY Link 53 (Autumn 2018): 4-9. (This journal is available only to IBBY UK members. You can request a copy from me via e-mail.)

10.  “Editorial: Introduction, Eh?”  Introduction to special issues on “What’s Canadian About Canadian Children’s Literature.”  Canadian Children’s Literature 86 (1997): 4-5. 

8,9.  “Introductions” to special issues on picture books, Canadian Children’s Literature 70 and 71 (1993). 

7.  With Jill P. May: “The Perils of Generalizing About Children’s Science Fiction.”  Science Fiction Studies 13,2 (July 1986): 225-229. (A rebuttal to my earlier article, and a response to the rebuttal).

6.  “An exchange of letters,” Children’s Literature in Education 15, 1 (Spring 1984): 5860.  (A discussion with Rod McGillis about McGillis’ “Calling a Voice Out of Silence” in the same issue.)

5.  “Margaret Powell Esmonde,” (a memorial article).  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 8,4 (Winter 1983): 35.

4.  “Which Canadian Fairy Tale?” Canadian Children’s Literature 29  (1983) (A response to an article by Agnes Grant referring to my “Little Red Riding Hood as a Canadian Fairy Tale”; further comment on these issues appears in CCL 10 [again by Agnes Grant] and CCL 33 [by Constance B. Hieatt]).

3.  “Letter to the Editor,” (on the books children prefer.)  Children’s Literature in Education 13,4 (Winter 1982).

2.  “Children’s Literature Canon Comment.”  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly (Winter 1981): 28-30.

1.  “Reader’s Choice: Children’s Literature Association Survey,” (report on a survey of reader’s opinions.)  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 4,4 (Winter 1979): 3,34.

5. Book Reviews in Scholarly Journals

41. Review of Sandra Beckett: Revisioning Red Riding Hood around the World: an Anthology of International Retellings. Barnelitterært forskningstidsskrift. (Nordic Jounral of Childlit Aesthetics.) http://www.childlitaesthetics.net/index.php/blft/article/view/23764.

40.  Review of Robin Bernstein, Racial Innocence: Performing American Childhood from Slavery to Civil Rights, International Research in Children’s Literature 5.2 (2012): 227-229.

39. Review of Julia Mickenberg, Learning from the Left: Children’s Literature, the cold War, and  Radical Politics in the United States.  Oxford, New York:  Oxford UP, 2005.  Journal of Children’s Literature Studies 4.1 (March 2007): 70-72.

 38. Review of Jack Zipes, Sticks and Stones.  Canadian Review of Comparative Literature 31.3 (2004): 334-337.

37. “How, But Not What or Why,” review of Maria Nikolajeva and Carole Scott, How Picture Books Work (New York and London: Garland, 2001). Children’s Literature 31 (2003): 192-200.

35, 36.  Reviews of Arthur Slade, Dust and Teresa Toten, The Game, Canadian Children’s Literature 103 (2002): 80-81, 82-83.

34. Review of Christopher Curtis, Bud Not Buddy, Canadian Children’s Literature (Summer 2000): 73-4.

33. Review of Ellen Handler Spitz, Inside Picture Books.  New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 1999.  The Lion and the Unicorn 24, 1 (January 2000): 150-156.

32. “Bow Down Your Heads: A Monumental Wind is Passing By,” an essay review of W. O. Mitchell’s Who Has Seen the Wind, illus. William Kurelek (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1998).  Essays in Canadian Writing 67 (Spring 1999): 223-229.

31.  Review of Virginia L. Blum, Hide and Seek: The Child between Psychoanalysis and Fiction (Urbana and Chicago, U of Chicago P, 1996).  The Lion and the  Unicorn 22, 1 (January 1998): 125-129.

30.  “Hatchet Job,” a review of Karín Lesnik-Oberstein, Children’s Literature: Criticism and the Fictional Child (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994).  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 21,1 (Spring 1996): 42-45.

29.  “Hunt with a Canon,” review of Peter Hunt, ed., Children’s Literature: the Development of Criticism (London and New York: Routledge, 1990) and Literature for Children: Contemporary Criticism (Routledge 1993).  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly (Winter 1994-95): 193-194.

28.  “The Wrong Kind of Artistry,” a review of two Children’s picture books, Canadian Children’s Literature 75 (1994); 77-79.

27.  “A Walk in the Artworld,” a review of Philip M. Isaacson’s A Short Walk Around the Pyramids . . . , Canadian Children’s Literature 75 (1994): 87-88.

26.  “Human Ideology,” a review of John Stephens, Language and Ideology in Children’s Fiction (London and New York: Longman, 1992.  Children’s Literature 22 (1994): 173-178.

25.  “The Second Kind of Criticism,” a review of Peter Hunt’s Criticism, Theory, & Children’s Literature, Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 17,3 (Fall, 1992): 37-39.

24.  “Take One before Bedtime and Wake Up on Another Level” a review of Eliot Gose’s Mere Creatures: A Study of Modern Fantasy Tales for Children, Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 15,3 (Fall, 1990): 154-155.

23.  “The Unbearable Heaviness of Being a Masterpiece,” a review of John Canemaker’s Winsor McCay: His Life and Art, Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 16,1 (Spring 1991): 45-46.

22.  “Windmills,” a review of Victor Carl Friesen’s The Windmill Turning and Jack Hodgins’ Left Behind in Squabble Bay, Canadian Literature 124-25 (Spring-Summer 1990): 366-369.

21.  “Not with a Bang (or a Van Allsburg or a de Jong or a Konigsburg), But a Whimper,” a review of Moynihan and Shaner’s Masterworks of Children’s Literature.  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 14, 3 (Fall 1989): 148-149.

20.  “The Wild as a Garden,” review of Barbara Smucker’s White Mist, Canadian Literature, 1987. 

19.  “Repeating.”  Children’s Literature 15 (1987): 214-216.  Review of four books by William Mayne.

18.  “Children’s Science Fiction as Retreaded Romance,” review of Janice Antczak’s Science Fiction: The Mythos of a New Romance.  Science Fiction Studies 13,2 (July 1986): 216-218.

17.  Review of Irma Macdonagh, Canadian Books for Young People.  Manitoba History 10 (Autumn 1985): 50.

16.  “No Mountie in Sight,” review article of four children’s novels.  Canadian Literature 106 (Fall 1985): 122-24.

15.  Review of D.L. Kirkpatrick’s Twentieth Century Children’s Writers, Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 9,4 (Winter 1984): 206.

14.  “Cott im Himmel,” review article on Jonathan Cott’s The Pipers at the Gates of Dawn, Children’s Literature 13 (1985): 20-48.

13.  Review of two books by Jack Zipes about fairy tales, Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 9,2 (Summer 1984): 8-12.

12.  “For and About Children,” review of three Children’s books.  Canadian Literature 103 (Winter 1984):149-151.

11.  “Thirty Writers Reading,” review article, Children’s Literature 13 (1984): 200-205.

10.  “And the Prince Turned into a Peasant and Lived Happily Ever After,” review article about Jack Zipes’ Breaking the Magic Spell. Children’s Literature 11 (1983).

9.  “In Praise of Inadequacy,” review of four Children’s books.  Canadian Literature 96 (Spring 1983):149-151.

8.  “First Letter Ghost with a Cold, Liberated Female Edgar Allan Fan,” (review of Douglas Barbour and Stephen Scobie, The Pirates of Pen’s Chance.The English Quarterly 15,1 (Spring 1982): 83-85.

7.  “The Cognitive Estrangement of Darko Suvin,” (review article.)  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 6,4 (Winter 1981): 24-27.

6.  Review articles on genre criticism and on language processing in “Children’s Literature and Literary Theory,” Special Section of the Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 6,1 (Spring 1981): 93-9.

5.  “Defining Children’s Literature,” a review article. Children’s Literature 8 (1980): 184-192.

4.  “Defensive Roles,” (a review of books by Dennis Foon, Irene Watts, Joyce Doolittle and Zina Barnieh.) Canadian Literature 85 (Summer, 1980): 109-111.

3.  “Shakespeare Takes a Bath,” (a review of books by Dennis Lee and Mark Cote.) Canadian Children’s Literature 15/16 (1980): 91-93.

2.  “Fantasy Illustration,” (review article.)  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 4,3 (Fall 1979): 46.

1.  Reviews of books by Roger Sale, Diana Waggoner, Eric S. Rabkin, Max Luthi, and Katharine Briggs.  Children’s Literature Association Quarterly (Summer 1979): 7 8.

6. Other Book Reviews

24, 25.  Reviews of E.R. Frank, Life is Funny, and Paul Flieschman, Cannibal in a Mirror, Riverbank  Review, Spring 2001. 

21, 22, 23. Reviews of Sharon Doucet, Fiddle Fever, David Getz, Purple Death, and Judd Winick, Pedro and Me, Riverbank Review, Winter 2000.

18, 19, 20.  Reviews of Lois Lowry, Gathering Blue, Susan S. Bachrach, Nazi Olympics, and Rob Wallace, Playing Without the Ball, Riverbank Review, Fall 2000. 

17.  Review of Maureen Hull, Wild Cameron Women, illus.  Judith Christine Mills  (Toronto: Stoddart).  Quill & Quire, February 2000, 46.

16.  Review of Rachna Gilmore, A Screaming Kind of Day.  Illus. Gordon Sauvé.  Toronto: Fitzhenry & Whiteside.  Quill & Quire, January 2000.

13, 14, 15.  Reviews of Simms Taback, Joseph Had a Little Overcoat, Walter Dean Myers, Monster, David Macaulay, Building the Book Cathedral.  Riverbank Review, Spring 2000, 30-31, 39-40, 43-44.

12. Review of Quint Buchholz, The Collector of Moments.  Trans. from the German by Peter E. Neumeyer, illus. by the author.  New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.  The New York Times Book Review.

11. Review of Louise Borden, Good Luck, Mrs. K.! (Margaret K. McElderry) and Pat Brisson, Sky Memories.  (Delacorte) New York Times Book Review, October 17, 1999, 31.  

10.  “A Sorcerer’s Apprentice,” review of Tomie de Paola’s Big Anthony: His StoryNew York Times Book Review.  November 15, 1998.

7, 8, 9.  Reviews of Richard Wilbur, The Disappearing Alphabet, Henrietta Branford, Fire, Bed and Bone, and Joan Abelove, Go and Come Back, Riverbank Review, Fall, 1998, 26, 31-32.

6.  Review of Bill Freeman, Prairie Fire!  Quill and Quire August, 1998, 38.

5.  The Greatest Story Ever Told,” review of three books of stories from the Bible, New York Times Book Review, May 17, 1998, 26.

4.  Review of Fred Marcellino’s Puss in Boots, Washington Post Book World, November, 1990.

3.  “The Secret Life of Pictures,” a review of Children’s picture books, The Washington Post Book World, November 5, 1989.

2.  “The Magic of Picture Books,” review of Children’s picture books, The Washington Post Book World, May 11, 1986.

1.  In The Winnipeg Free Press: between 1971 and 1982, I reviewed 160 books, including numerous novels and collections of poetry, and a smaller number of children’s books; I also wrote a few reviews for Winnipeg Writer’s News, the precursor of Prairie Fire

Invited Keynote Speeches at Academic Conferences

16. “Fish is People,” Conference on Picture Books marking the thirtieth anniversary of the publication of Words About Pictures, University of Cambridge Cambridge, September, 2018.

15. “Fish is People,” IBBY International congress, Athens Greece, September, 2018. 

14. “Words About Pictures and Beyond:  Picture Books and Picture-Book Studies, Then and Now.”  International Institute for Children’s Literature, Osaka, November, 2015.

13. “Alice Grows Smaller; The Nursery Alice and Other Shorter Versions of Carroll’s Wonderland.” The Tinkerbell conference on children;s literature in English, Tokyo, Japan,. November, 2015. 

12.  “Neverland and Our Land: Imagining Indigenous Peoples in the Worlds of Peter Pan,” a keynote address at the Children’s Literature Symposium, University of Southern Florida, Sarasota, February, 2012.

11.  “Writing for the Childhood Police: An Academic’s Adventures in Children’s Publishing.”  The Childhoods Conference: Mapping the Landscapes of Childhood, University of Lethbridge, May, 2011.

10. “The Mirror Staged:  Images of Babies in Baby Books,” a keynote address at The Child and the Book conference, Vancouver Island University, May, 2009.

9.  With Mavis Reimer, “This Work is Our Work: Collaborative Research in the Humanities,” a keynote address at The Child and the Book conference, Vancouver Island University, May, 2009.

8.”Words Claimed: Picture Book Narratives and the Project of Children’s Literature.”  International Symposium: New Impulses in Picture Book Research. Barcelona, September, 2007. 

7. “Beneath Aesthetics: The Picture Book Stripped Bare,” a keynote address at the Australasian Children’s Literature Association for Research conference, Sydney, July, 2004.

6.  “Something Fishy Going On: Child Readers and Narrative Literacy.”  An invited keynote address at the Conference on Children’s Literature, Center for Børnelitteratur, Copenhagen, Denmark, November, 2001.

5. “What Is Children’s Literature? The Child As Non-Adult.”  An invited keynote address at the Conference on Children’s Literature, Center for Børnelitteratur, Copenhagen, Denmark, November, 2001. 

4.  “The Invention of Childhood by Children’s Literature.”  An invited keynote address at the biennial conference of the Children’s Book Council of Australia, Canberra, Australia, May, 2000. (published as “Inventing Childhood.”  The Third Millennium: Read On!  proceedings of the Fifth National Conference of the Children’s Book Council of Australia.  Canberra: Children’s Book Council of Australia, 2000. 37-43.)  I also spoke on two panels at this conference, one on picture books and one on the current state of Children’s publishing.

4. “Hooligans Wearing Haloes: Some Thoughts about Masculinity and Children’s Literature.”  An invited keynote address presented at the Haloes and Hooligans Symposium, The Center for the Study of Children’s Literature, Simmons College, Boston, MA, July 1999.

3.  “Beyond the Pleasures Principles: Further Speculations on the Characteristics of Children’s Literature as a Genre.”  An invited keynote address for the second biennial conference on Modern Critical Approaches to Children’s Literature, Nashville, TN., April, 1997.

2.  “Fear of Children’s Literature: What’s Left (or Right) after Theory.”  An invited keynote speech, conference of the International Research Society for Children’s Literature, Stockholm, Sweden, September, 1995.  This talk opened the conference.  The organization is, as its name suggests, a body of Children’s literature scholars from around the world.

1.  “Picture Books as Emblems: the Semiotics of Depictions of Classrooms.”  An invited keynote speech, Second Minnesota Conference on Cultural Emblematics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis MN, April, 1995.

Juried Papers Delivered at Academic Conferences

36. “The Young Know Everything: Oscar Wilde’s Fairy Tales as Children’s Literature” Oscar Wilde and the Culture of Childhood, symposium organized by Joseph Bristow, UCLA, Los Angeles, May 2015.

35. The Hidden Child in The Hidden Adult,” part of a panel on children’s agency in children’s literature criticism, Children’s Literature Association conference, Columbia, SC, June, 2014.  (Unable to attend; my paper was ready by the moderator.)

34. “Picture Book Guy Looks at Comics: Structural Differences in Two Kinds of Visual Narrative,” Modern Language Association Conference, Seattle, January, 2012.

33.  “Michael Yahgulanaas’s Red and the Structures of Sequential Art,” presented at Symposium on Narratives and Repetition, CRYTC, University of Winnipeg, 2011.

32.  “On the Border between Implication and Actuality: Children Inside and Outside of Picture Books.” Symposium: New Impulses in Picture Book Research. Glasgow, September, 2009.

 31.  “The Mirror Staged:  Images of Baby in Baby Books.”  Children’s Books from 0 to 3: Where Literacy Begins Conference, Troisdorf, Germany, March, 2009.

30. “Focalization And Property In Canadian Novels About Meetings Between European And Aboriginal Young People,” a paper presented as part of “Canadian Panel: ‘In Their Places,'” ACLAR Conference, Sydney, July, 2004.

29. “A Monochromatic Mosaic: Class, Race And Culture In Double-Focalized Canadian Novels For Young People,” Children Literature Association, El Paso, TX, June, 2003.

28. With Mavis Reimer, “National Children’s Literature in the Age of Globalization: The Case of Canada.”  Conference on National and Cultural Identity in Children’s Literature And Media, University Of Reading, Reading, UK, April, 2001.

27.  “Teaching Children How to Be Childlike: Ezra Jack Keats’s The Snowy Day and Some Possible Characteristics of Children’s Literature as a Genre.”  Linguistic Circle of Manitoba and North Dakota, Winnipeg, October, 1998.

26.  “The Durability of Innocence: The Endless Childhood of Children’s Literature Criticism,” MLA, Washington, D.C., December, 1996.

25.  Mavis Reimer and I presented a panel on childhood subjectivity and literary criticism as a plenary session at the conference on Modern Critical Approaches to Children’s Literature, Nashville TN, April, 1995. We each prepared a draft version of a paper, then entered into a dialogue about them with each other during the panel as an example of how critical dialogue and discussion might operate in the process of developing critical ideas .  My own paper was “Being Scary and Being Scared: Horror as a Commodity in R.L. Stine’s ‘Goosebumps’ Series.” 

24.  “Private Places on Public View: The World of David Wiesner’s Picture Books,” Children’s Literature Association Conference, Springfield, Missouri, June, 1994.

23.  “Rereading Anne of Green Gables in the Anne Books: L. M. Montgomery’s Variations,” ACUTE Conference, Charlottetown, P.E.I., May 1992.

22.  “Males Performing in a Female Space: Music and Gender in Young Adult Novels,” Modern Language Association Convention, December 1991.

21.  “Generic Archetypes?  Universality and Maleness in Le Guin’s Earthsea Trilogy,” Modern Language Association Convention, Chicago, December 1990.

20.  “‘Clever Enough to Do Variations’: Sendak’s Trilogy,” Modern Language Association Convention, Chicago, December 1990.

19.  “Through a Glass, Intimately: The Distant Closenesses of Paula Fox’s OneEyed Cat.” Children’s Literature Association Conference, Charleston, SC, May, 1988.

18.  “The Story in Van Loon’s The Story of Mankind.”  Modern Language Association Convention, San Francisco, December, 1987.

17.  “Cultural Arrogance and Realism in Judy Blume’s Superfudge.”   Children’s Literature Association Conference, Ottawa, Ontario, May, 1987.

16.  “The Sense of Unending: Joyce Carol Oates’ Bellefleur as an Experiment in Feminine Narrative.”  Conference of the Linguistic Circle of Manitoba and North Dakota, University of Winnipeg, October, 1986. (Abstract published in conference proceedings.)

15.  “The Journey through a Picture Book: March and Acceleration.”  Children’s Literature Association Conference, Kansas City, MO, May, 1986.

14.  “Teaching Girls About Men: Attitudes to Maleness in Teen Magazines,” presented at a panel on nonfiction for children, Modern Language Association Convention, Chicago, December, 1985.

13.  “Out There in Children’s Science Fiction: Forward into the Past,” Children’s Literature Association Conference, Ann Arbor, Michigan, May, 1985.

12.  “Once: The Land and Its People.”  Children’s Literature Association Conference, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, North Carolina, May, 1984.

11.  “Expectations: Titles, Stories, Pictures.” Panel on Reader Response in the Children’s Literature Classroom, Children’s Literature Association conference, Charlotte, May, 1984.

10.  “Text as Teacher: The Beginning of Charlotte’s Web.” Special Session on Children’s Literature and Narrative Theory, Modern Language Association Convention, New York, December, 1983.

9.  “Robert Cormier Does a Number.” Children’s Literature Association Conference, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, May, 1983.

8.  “Beyond Explanation, and Beyond Inexplicability, in Eleanor Cameron’s Beyond Silence.”  Children’s Literature Association Conference, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, April, 1982.

7.  “The Limits of Structures: A Comparison of Toni Morrison’s Song of Solomon and Virginia Hamilton’s M.C. Higgins, the Great.”  Special Session on Structuralism and Children’s Literature, Modern Language Association Convention, New York, December, 1981.

6.  “Who’s Speaking: The Voices of Dennis Lee’s Poems for Children.”  Conference of the Canadian Association for Commonwealth Literature and Language Studies, University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Manitoba, October, 1981.

5.  “How Picture Books Work.”  Children’s Literature Association Conference, Minneapolis, Minnesota, March, 1981 (first published in conference proceedings).

4.  “How Typical Children Read Typical Books about Typical Children on Topical Subjects.” Children’s Literature Association Conference, Baylor University, Waco, Texas, March, 1980 (first published in conference proceedings).

3.  “Progressive Utopia: or, How to Grow Up without Growing Up.”  Children’s Literature Association Conference, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, March, 1979 (published in conference proceedings).

2.  “Little Red Riding Hood Rides Again–and Again and Again and Again.”  Children’s Literature Association Conference, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, March, 1978 (published in conference proceedings).

1.  “What Makes a Fairy Tale Good: The Queer Kindness of ‘The Golden Bird.'”  Children’s Literature Association Conference, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, Michigan, March, 1977.

Other Papers and Lectures 

*Valencia at AGNS

24. I gave a final presentation summing up the current state of criticism of visual and verbal texts for young people and the papers presented at the symposium celebrating the 25th anniversary of the publication of my book Words About Pictures, held at the University of Winnipeg, June, 3013.

23. “‘Clever Enough to Do Variations’: Sendak as Visual Musician,” invited lecture at Trinity College, Dublin, October, 2012.  

22. “The Mirror Staged: Pictures of Babies in Baby books,” invited lecture at Cambridge University, March, 2010.

21. “A Conversation on the Poetics and Aesthetics of Picture Books,” a dialogue with Geoff Williams, University of British Columbia, February, 2009.

20. “My Shoes, My Bear, and a Book by Sir Ernest: Telling My Story and Trying to Tell Ours,” a talk for Serendipity conference, the Vancouver Children Literature Roundtable, February, 2009.

19. “‘Clever Enough to Do Variations’: Sendak as Visual Musician,” invited lecture at Cambridge University, March, 2008.

18.  “”Becoming What You Eat: Identifying with Food”,” invited lecture at Roehampton University, London, March 2007.

17. “Becoming What You Eat: Identifying with Food in Children’s Picture Books.”  The inaugural Gryphon Lecture, sponsored by The Center for Children’s Books at The Graduate School of Library and Information Science, The Trowbridge Office for American Literature, Culture, and Society, The Center for Advanced Study, and the department of American Indian Studies at the University of Illinois, Urbana, Il, March 2005.

16.  Presentation on baby books for the University of Winnipeg Chancellor’s Forum, April 2004.

15. “What Is Genre?”  A talk given at the university of Winnipeg, November, 2002.

14. “Making Boys Appear: Exploring Depictions of Masculinity in Children’s Books.”  An invited Distinguished Faculty Lecture at the University of Winnipeg, February, 2001.

13. Invited public lecture on “The Implied Viewer,” Hollins University, Roanoke, Va, June 2000.

12. Invited lecture on alphabet books, Hollins University, Roanoke, Va, June 2000.

11. Invited lecture on alphabet books, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, May, 2000.

10.  Invited lecture on alphabet books, University of Ballarat, Ballarat, Australia, May, 2000.

9.  Invited lecture on characteristics of Children’s literature as a genre, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, May, 2000.

8.  Guest panelist, Key West Literary Seminar, Key West, Florida, January, 1998.

7.  “Children’s Literature as Variation: A Theory of the Genre.”  An invited lecture presented at Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden, September 1995.

6.  “Seeing Words, Reading Pictures.”  An invited lecture given at the Kerlan Collection, University of Minnesota Library, Minneapolis MN, April, 1995.

5.  “Writing for Children: Which Children?” invited lecture, Writer’s Conference for Children’s Literature, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, North Dakota, October, 1985.

4.  “Writing for Children?” invited lecture, Ice Cream Pie conference, Winnipeg Public Library, December, 1984. 

3.  “Saturday Morning Cartoons,” (invited lecture.) Pacific Northwest Library Association conference, Sun Valley, Idaho, August, 1983.

2.  “Saturday Morning Cartoons,” (invited lecture.)  Calgary Children’s Literature Roundtable, Calgary, Alberta, February, 1983.

1.  “Some Heroes Have Freckles,” (invited lecture.)  Children’s Books International 8, Boston Public Library, Boston, Massachusetts, October, 1982.

I have appeared on local Winnipeg CBC radio and TV programs to discuss various aspects of Children’s literature on a number of occasions.  I was interviewed at various times by the New York Times, US News and World Report, and Macleans, and newspapers in Stockholm.  I was interviewed by the Boston Herald, July, 1999, and by the Canberra Times and the Australian reviewing journal Reading Time, May 2000.  I appeared on The Connection hosted by Christopher Lydon, an open-line show on WBUR Boston, also heard on a number of other National Public Radio stations across the U.S, July 1999.  A recording of the show can be heard online at: http://www.wbur.org/connection/1999/07/con0726list.shtml

Panels

–I chaired a panel of children’s literature journal editors and three plenary panels discussing each day’s proceedings at the Children’s Literature Association conference in Winnipeg, June 2005.

–I organized and led “Masculinity in Children’s Literature,” a panel consisting of papers delivered by some of the students in the Haloes and Hooligans course I taught at Simmons College in 1999. Children’s Literature Association Conference, Roanoke, VA, June, 2000. 

–Mavis Reimer and I organized a panel, “Darkness at the Close: Figuring Fear in Children’s Literature at the End of the Millenium,” for the Children’s Literature Association / International Research Society for Children’s Literature Joint Conference on Children’s Literature and the Fin de Siècle, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, July 59, 1999. 

–As guest speakers at the Children’s Literature Association conference, Charlotte, NC, June, 1996, my colleague Peter Hunt and I presented a plenary session on our work as critics of Children’s literature who have become writers of Children’s fiction. 

–Also at the Children’s Literature Association Conference in Charlotte, NC, June, 1996,  I took part in a workshop session involving teaching demonstrations by colleagues who use my textbook, Pleasures of Children’s Literature,and who contributed to its Instructor’s Manual.

–Mavis Reimer and I presented a panel on childhood subjectivity and literary criticism as a plenary session at the conference on Modern Critical Approaches to Children’s Literature, Nashville TN, April, 1995. We each prepared a draft version of a paper, then entered into a dialogue about them with each other during the panel as an example of how critical dialogue and discussion might operate in the process of developing critical ideas .  My own paper was “Being Scary and Being Scared: Horror as a Commodity in R.L. Stine’s ‘Goosebumps’ Series.” 

–Member of a panel on censorship sponsored by Manitoba Writer’s Guild, Freedom to Read Week, March, 1993.

–Member of a panel at a public forum on reading incentives, held by the Social Planning Council of Winnipeg at the Prairie Theatre Exchange, Winnipeg, February, 1991.

–With Kay Stone and Mavis Reimer, participant in a juried panel called “Hearing, Reading, Seeing: The Reception of Fairy Tales,” presented at the Children’s Literature Association Conference, Mankato, MN, May, 1989.   (The panel was presented earlier in 1989 as a University of Winnipeg English Department Colloquium.)

–Organizer and chair of session on Childhood Reading Experience, Modern Language Association, San Francisco, 1987.

–Proposer and chairman of Special Session on Children’s Literature and Canon Formation, Modern Language Association, Chicago, 1985.

–Panel chair for discussions on using criticism in the Children’s literature classroom (Children’s Literature Association Conference, 1985), reader response criticism in the Children’s literature classroom (Children’s Literature Association Conference, 1984), the works of Virginia Hamilton (Children’s Literature Association Conference, 1983), and on the state of Children’s literature (Children’s Literature Association Conference, 1982).

Editorial Work

-member of the editorial board, IRCL (International Research in Children’s Literature), the journal of the International Research Society for Children’s Literature. 2009-.

-member the Editorial Advisory Board, Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures.  2009-.

–member, Editorial Board, The Journal of Children’s Literature Studies, 2005-2013.

–Editor of CCL, the Canadian children’s literature journal, 2004-2008.

–with Mavis Reimer, guest editor of a special issue of Canadian Children’s Literature:  “Characteristics of ‘Mainstream’ Canadian Children’s Fiction,’ CCL(109-110 (Spring-Summer 2003).

–Member, Editorial board, CREArtA (a new Australian journal), 1999-2005.

–Contributing Editor, Canadian Children’s Literature, 1997-2004.

–Member, Editorial Board, Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 1980-1997.

–Guest Editor of two special issues on the question, “What’s Canadian about Canadian Children’s Literature?”  Canadian Children’s Literature 86 and 87 (1997). 

–Guest Editor of two special issues devoted to picture books and Illustration, Canadian Children’s Literature 70 and 71 (1993). 

–Consulting Editor, special issue on illustration, Children’s Literature19 (1991). 

–Editor, special section on Childhood Reading Experiences, Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, Fall, 1988.

–see Touchstones: Reflections on the Best in Children’s Literature,and Festschrift, listed above under Books. 

–Editor, Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 1982-88.

–Associate Editor, Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 19801982.

–Editor, with David Topper,  Special Section on Children’s Books and Art Theory, Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 9,2 (Summer, 1984). 

–Editor, Special Section on Children’s Literature and Commercial Culture. Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 7,1 (Spring, 1982).

–Editor, Special Section on Children’s Literature and Literary Theory. Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 6,1 (Spring, 1981).

Grants

2016: University of Winnipeg Research Grant to support permissions and editorial costs for More Words About Pictures. $1500.

2012:  University of Winnipeg Research Grant to conduct research on current trends in picture book scholarship $1500.

2007: University of Winnipeg VP Research Grant to support travel to Barcelona to present an address at the International Symposium on picture books.

2004: University of Winnipeg Distinguished Faculty Travel Award of $2000 to support my travel to Australia to give the keynote at the ACLAR conference.

2002.  With ten other scholars, awarded a Research Development Initiatives grant of approximately $87,000 from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) for In Their Places: The Discourse of Home and the Study of Canadian Children’s Literature.  Under the leadership of Mavis Reimer, the group plans to work individually and collaboratively in order to produce conference panels and a collection of articles about various ways in which the idea of home plays out in texts of Canadian Children’s literature. 

2001. University of Winnipeg International Travel Grant for travel to conference in Reading, UK, $630.

2001. Discretionary Grant from University of Winnipeg to support publication expenses for Pleasures of Children’s Literature, 3d. ed., $600.

2000.  My visit to Australia to present a keynote speech at the biennial conference of the Children’s Book Council of Australia was supported by a grant of $800 from the Canadian High Commission in Canberra.

1988-89: University of Winnipeg Major Grant for permissions to use pictures in Words About Pictures.  $1875 plus an additional $600 in 1989-90.

Teaching

–directed a master’s thesis on queer theory and children’s literature for Rebecca Rabinovitz, a student in the Center for the Study of Children’s Literature, Simmons College, Boston.

–at various times in my career, I taught courses in Neoclassical Literature, Romantic Literature, Victorian Literature, Twentieth Century British Literature, Contemporary Literature, Modern Drama, The English Novel, Literature in Context, Introduction to Literary Scholarship, Fundamentals of Literary Study, Contemporary Literary Theory, and Special Studies courses in the works of John Fowles, Maurice Sendak, structuralist and poststructuralist literary theory,  fairy tales, and Tennyson.

–I developed and frequently taught a course in Recent Literature, dealing with books published in the five years immediately previous to the particular year in which the course is being offered.

–I developed and frequently taught Types of Popular Literature, focussing on Harlequin Romances, horror fiction and other popular formulaic literature. 

–I developed and frequently taught a course in Science Fiction.

—I twice taught an experimental course, Apprenticeship in Collaborative Learning in Literature, in which Honours English students act as apprentice teaching assistants in another course I teach while learning about literary pedagogy

–I developed the University of Winnipeg’s offerings in the area of Children’s Literature, and have taught extensively in this area; courses include Introduction to Children’s Literature, The Children’s Picture Book, Fairy Tales, Myths, Legends and Poetry for Children, Children’s Fiction, Canadian Children’s Literature, The Field of Children’s Literature, a course on Masculinity in children’s literature, a course exploring the generic markers of children’s literature, and a course on the work of Maurice Sendak.

–As a member of various departmental committees, I was involved in the development and revision of the University of Winnipeg’s offerings in Freshman Literature and Composition, and in the design of the general course curriculum; I served frequently as Freshman chairman, and on personnel and departmental review committees.  I also served at various times on faculty committees involving visiting lecturers, the library, student appeals, and curriculum planning.

Positions in Scholarly Organizations

–Chair of the Paper Call Committee of the Children’s Literature Association conference held in Winnipeg in June, 2005.

–President, Children’s Literature Association, 1989.

–Vice President/President Elect of the Children’s Literature Association, 1987-89.

–As Editor of the Children’s Literature Association Quarterly(1982-87), I was an ex-officio member of the Children’s Literature Association board.

–Chairman, Children’s Literature Association Canon Committee, 1984-88. (In this position, one of my tasks was to edit the copy for Touchstones: A List of Distinguished Children’s Books, a pamphlet providing an annotated list of important Children’s books.)

–Member, Children’s Literature Association Canon Committee, 1980-83.

–Member, Children’s Literature Association Awards Committee, 1980-82.

Workshops and Consulting Activities

–external reader, Doctoral thesis at James Cook University, Australia, 2010.

–external reader, MA thesis at Deakin University, Melbourne, 2005.

–member of the jury, Governor General’s Award for Children’s Fiction, text, 2005.

–All-day workshop on visual literacy prior to the ACLAR conference in Sydney, July, 2004.

— shorter presentation on visual literacy for teachers at an elementary school in Sydney after the conference.

–All-day workshop on visual literacy once more at Dromkeen, the Australian picture book archive, near Melbourne, July 2004.

–Referee of articles for Victorian Institute Journal, 2004.

–Acted as consultant on a list of American women writers for children to be proposed as subjects for stamps to be issued by the U.S. post office, for PhotoAssist, Washington DC., 2000.

–Referee of articles for The Journal of Children’s Literature Studies, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.

–Referee of articles for CCL/LCJ, 1998-2004.

–Referee of articles for CREArTA, 1998, 2002, 2003.

–Referee of articles for The New Advocate, 2001, 2003.

–Referee of article for Children’s Literature in Education , 1998, 2011, 2012, 2013.

–Referee, Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 1988-1998, 2002, 2003, 2012.

–External reader, Children’s Literature, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2008, 2011.

–Refereed articles for Mosaic, 1994, 1996, 2001, 2002.

–Member of jury vetting applications for writing grants for the Manitoba Arts Council, l997.

–Reviewed novel and picture book manuscripts for Bain and Cox Publishers, 1994, 1995.

–Judge, collection-building competition, Manitoba Library Association, February, 1995.

–Judge of a competition held by Groundwood Books of Toronto and publishers in a number of Scandinavian and South American countries to award prizes and international publishing contracts for a realistic Children’s novel; Spring 1987.

–Evaluations and suggestions for improving the Canadian content of the following: The Norton Anthology of Modern Poetry (in 1982); The Norton Anthology of Poetry(in 1981); The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction(in 1980).

–Evaluations of applications for promotion and/or tenure for Miami University of Ohio, University of Pittsburgh, Bowling Green State University, University of Guelph (twice), University of Calgary, University of Alberta (twice), New York University, Purdue University, Acadia University, University of New Hampshire, University of Technology Sydney, Macquarie University (Sydney), Pennsylvania State University, Illinois State University, Mount Saint Vincent University. 

–Evaluations of textbook proposals in the area of Children’s literature for various publishers, including Holt Rinehart, Prentice Hall, and Longman, and of academic manuscripts for Columbia University Press, Johns Hopkins University Press, Routledge, and University of Toronto Press.

–External reader for M.A. thesis of Khoo Sim Lyn, National University of Singapore, 1992. 

–Evaluations of applications for publishing grants and theatre grants, for the Manitoba Arts Council, 198085.

–Evaluations of applications for journal publication grants and for artist’s grants, for the Canada Council.

–Evaluations of application for research grants and aid for scholarly publication, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.

–Evaluations on a number of occasions of plays for the Manitoba Arts Council, Manitoba Playwrights Search, and Manitoba Association of Playwrights.

–Judging of various literary contests, including Canadian Authors Association Short Story Contest, 1980.

–Presentation of inservice workshops on evaluating Children’s books, on the art of picture books, and on various other aspects of Children’s literature, for The Manitoba Reading Association, The Manitoba Association of School Librarians and AudioVisual Consultants, The Winnipeg S.E. L. Group, The Manitoba Council on Early Childhood Education, The Manitoba Day Care Association, and for numerous parent groups, schools and school divisions in the Winnipeg area; I’ve also presented workshops on teaching students to write essays and on using literary evaluation as a technique in the teaching of literature in the high school.